The word hepatitis means an inflammation of the liver. It can be caused by one of many things — including a bacterial infection, liver injury caused by a toxin , and even an attack on the liver by the body's own immune system. However, hepatitis usually is caused by a virus. There are 5 main hepatitis viruses, referred to as types A, B, C, D and E. Hepatitis can be either “acute” or “chronic.”
Acute Hepatitis C is a contagious disease caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is spread through contact with infected blood and bodily fluids. This disease damages a person’s liver. It is a short-term viral infection. People with acute hepatitis C are infectious for a small window of time, often just several months. Most people infected with the acute form of hepatitis C will experience illness and symptoms such as fatigue and vomiting.
Chronic Hepatitis C virus infection is a long-term illness that occurs when the Hepatitis C virus remains in a person’s body. HCV infection can last a lifetime and lead to serious liver problems, including cirrhosis (scarring of the liver) or liver cancer.
Commonly Used Hepatitis Medicines
Hepatitis C can be treated with a combination of medicines that stop the virus multiplying inside the body. These HCV medications have been found to make treatment more effective. They include :